2nd USCT Infantry Regiment 1st USCT Infantry Regiment 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment 1861 Skirmishes 1862 Skirmishes 1863 Skirmishes 1864 Skirmishes 1865 Skirmishes Alternate Battle Names 3rd Regiment Alabama Infantry 1861-04-12 Battle of Fort Sumter 1861-04-15 Evacuation of Fort Sumter 1861-04-19 Riots in Baltimore 1861-05-07 Gloucester Point 1861-05-10 Camp Jackson 1861-05-10 Riots in St. Louis 1861-05-18 Sewell’s Point 1861-05-29 Aquia Creek 1861-06-01 Fairfax Court House I 1861-06-01 Arlington Mills 1861-06-03 Philippi 1861-06-05 Pig Point 1861-06-10 Big Bethel 1861-06-15 Hooe’s Ferry 1861-06-17 Vienna 1861-06-17 Boonville 1861-06-19 Cole Camp 1861-06-27 Mathias Point 1861-07-02 Hoke’s Run 1861-07-05 Carthage 1861-07-05 Neosho 1861-07-08 Laurel Hill 1861-07-11 Rich Mountain 1861-07-12 Barboursville 1861-07-13 Corrick’s Ford 1861-07-17 Scary Creek 1861-07-17 Bunker Hill 1861-07-18 Blackburn’s Ford 1861-07-21 Manassas I 1861-07-22 Forsyth 1861-07-25 Mesilla I 1861-07-27 Fort Fillmore 1861-07-28 Sinking of the Petrel 1861-08 Siege of Tubac 1861-08 Cooke’s Canyon 1861-08 Battle of the Florida Mountains 1861-08-02 Dug Springs 1861-08-03 Curran Post Office 1861-08-05 Athens 1861-08-07 Hampton 1861-08-10 Wilson’s Creek 1861-08-10 Potosi 1861-08-19 Charleston 1861-08-25 Mason’s Hill 1861-08-26 Kessler’s Cross Lanes 1861-08-28 Hatteras Inlet Batteries 1861-08-31 Munson’s Hill 1861-09-02 Dry Wood Creek 1861-09-02 Gallinas Massacre 1861-09-08 Placito 1861-09-10 Carnifex Ferry 1861-09-11 Lewinsville 1861-09-12 Cheat Mountain 1861-09-12 Lexington I 1861-09-17 Liberty 1861-09-19 Barbourville 1861-09-21 Fredericktown I 1861-09-24 Canada Alamosa 1861-09-27 Pinos Altos 1861-10-03 Greenbrier River 1861-10-05 Cockle Creek 1861-10-09 Santa Rosa Island 1861-10-12 Battle of the Head of Passes 1861-10-21 Ball’s Bluff 1861-10-21 Camp Wildcat 1861-10-21 Fredericktown II 1861-10-23 Big Sandy Expedition 1861-10-25 Springfield I 1861-11-03 Port Royal 1861-11-07 Belmont 1861-11-08 Ivy Mountain 1861-11-19 Round Mountain 1861-11-20 Skirmish at Brownsville 1861-11-20 Hunter’s Mills 1861-12-04 Bog Wallow Ambush 1861-12-09 Chusto-Talasah 1861-12-13 Camp Allegheny 1861-12-17 Rowlett’s Station 1861-12-19 Skirmish at Blackwater Creek 1861-12-20 Dranesville 1861-12-26 Chustenahlah 1861-12-28 Mount Zion Church 1861-12-28 Sacramento 1862-01-01 Crook’s 1862 Expedition 1862-01-03 Cockpit Point 1862-01-05 Hancock 1862-01-08 Roan’s Tan Yard 1862-01-10 Middle Creek 1862-01-11 Lucas Bend 1862-01-19 Mill Springs

Missouri

Start: 1861-07-05

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Introduction

This description of events appears in the Official War Records.

Battle

Report of Capt. Joseph Conrad, Company B, Third Missouri Infantry (Union) to Colonel Franz Sigel

SPRINGFIELD, Mo., July 11, 1861

SIR:

In accordance with your order, I most respectfully make hereby a statement of facts concerning the surrender of myself and men at Neosho, July 5, 1861:

After you had left Neosho, on the 4th day of July, I observed that the city was very unquiet.  I took all necessary precautions, by placing extra sentinels and sending out patrols every half hour, day and night.  The Fourth passed off quietly.

On the 5th day of July the same precaution was taken.  About 11 o’clock I heard the cannonading, whereon I immediately dispatched a patrol of 20 men, under the command of Lieutenant Damde, to inquire, if possible, the cause of it.  At 1 o’clock I received orders, signed by Brigade Quartermaster Richardson, to retreat with my command, if necessary.  Lieutenant Damde, with his patrol returned about the same time.  They had scarcely returned-in fact, had not been in camp more than ten minutes-before the enemy came pouring in in all directions to the number of about 1,200 to 1,500 men, under the command of Colonel Churchill and Major McIntosh (Arkansas Rangers).  Finding it impossible for me to hold my post with success, after due deliberation, after due consultation with my officers and men, I concluded it would be best to make the surrender as it was required-namely, unconditionally.

We were, after the surrender of our arms, placed in the court-house, where we remained until Monday, the 8th.

I must mention here that the officers of the Arkansas Rangers, as well as of the Missouri troops, behaved themselves quietly, accommodatingly, and friendly, both towards myself and men; but their privates, on the contrary, in a most insulting and brutal manner.

On the 8th we were released, we officers having before given our parole of honor not to serve any more against the Confederate States of America during the war, my men having before sworn to the same effect.  We left Neosho on the evening of the 8th at 5.30 o’clock, with an escort of about 30 men, under the command of Captain Boone, for our security and protection, the people of Neosho and farmers of that vicinity having threatened to kill us in the streets.  Captain Boone escorted us about 4 miles from the camp.  After innumerable hardships and dangers, without food and water, our canteens having all been stolen from us by the Southern troops, we at last reached Springfield, my men all broken down, having traveled the distance of 85 miles in fifty hours, with hardly any food at all.

Having made this statement, I respectfully place the same in your hands to judge my actions.

Very respectfully yours,

JOSEPH CONRAD,

Captain of Rifle Company B, Third Regiment Mo. Vols.

Report of Brig. Gen. Ben. McCulloch (CSA) to Honorable H. P. Walker, Confederate Secretary of War

HEADQUARTERS McCULLOCH’S BRIGADE,

Camp on Buffalo Creek, Mo., July 5, 1861.

Sir:

I have the honor to transmit the inclosed report, detailing an account of the taking of the town of Neosho, Mo., by a part of my brigade, and of the surrender to them of 80 men, with their arms, &c.  I am now within about 25 miles of the governor of the State, who I learn has been fighting his way to me during the day.  I will push a portion of my force (now nearly 4,000 men) as near to him as possible to-morrow, and do all in my power to relieve him.  It will depend upon his fate what my future movements may be.  My great object in coming into the State has been to relieve the governor and the force under him.  I will again inform you of my whereabouts in the course of a few days.

I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,

BEN. McCULLOCH,

Brigadier General, Commanding.

Report of Capt. James McIntosh (CSA) to General Ben McCulloch

HEADQUARTERS McCULLOCH’S BRIGADE,

Camp at Barlin’s Mill, July 5, 1861.

GENERAL:

I have the honor to inform you that in obedience to your orders I started at 11 o’clock a. m. to-day with four companies of Colonel Churchill’s regiment of Arkansas Mounted Riflemen and Captain Carroll’s company of Arkansas State troops to make an attack upon some Federal troops at Neosho, Mo., in conjunction with Colonel Churchill, commanding six companies of his regiment.  We started on different roads which entered the town — one from the west, the other from the south — with an arrangement to make the march of 16 miles in four hours, and upon entering the town to make a simultaneous attack.  I found that the distance was not so much as stated.  It would therefore be necessary for me to have waited near the town an hour, and fearing that information would be carried into town to the enemy, I determined to attack at once, and made my arrangements accordingly.  I dismounted the four companies of Churchill’s regiment about a quarter of a mile of the town, and marched them by platoon at double-quick within 200 yards of the Court-House, where we found a company 80 strong.  I sent Captain Carroll with his company to make a detour and to take them in rear.

After halting my command I sent Dr. Armstrong, volunteer aide-de-camp, to demand a surrender of the forces.  I allowed them ten minutes to decide.  At the end of the time the captain in command made an unconditional surrender of the company, laying down their arms and side-arms.  We took 100 rifles with saber bayonets, a quantity of ammunition, and a train of seven wagons loaded with provisions.  Colonel Churchill came up in good time with his command, and made an imposing sight with his mounted riflemen.  The officers and men did everything in their power to make the movement as prompt as possible, and they marched up to within a short distance of a force whose numbers were unknown with a step as regular and a front as unbroken as a body of veterans.

I have the honor to be, general, your obedient servant,

JAMES McINTOSH,

Captain, C. S. Army, and Adjutant-General.

Report of Brig. Gen. Ben. McCulloch to Honorable H. P. Walker, Confederate Secretary of War

HEADQUARTERS McCULLOCH’S BRIGADE,

Camp Jackson, Ark., July 9, 1861.

SIR:

I have the honor to state that I returned to this camp to-day.  It is 2 miles from Maysville, Ark., and 7 miles from the northern boundary of the State.  I started from this position on the 4th instant with Churchill’s regiment of mounted riflemen and 1,200 men of General Pearce’s brigade, under the command of the general.  General Price, of Missouri, had reached a position in the northwestern [southwestern] corner of his State with 1,700 men.  The general offered to march with me to the aid of the governor of his State, and joined my command as we passed his camp on the first day’s march.

From authentic information I had learned that the governor of Missouri had formed a junction with General Rains and was endeavoring to make his way to General Price’s camp, and also that every effort was being made by the Northern troops to cut him off….

On the 5th instant I found from authentic information that if the governor was to be rescued by my command, it was necessary to move with more celerity than the infantry and artillery could march.  I therefore moved on with about 3,000 cavalry, leaving the infantry and artillery in camp 28 miles north of this camp.  Upon arriving within 12 miles of Neosho I ascertained that the force had already left that place and marched north against the governor, leaving a detachment in Neosho between 100 and 300 men.  I immediately sent two columns of cavalry on different roads to capture the detachment — one column of six companies, under Colonel Churchill, and another, under Captain McIntosh of five companies.  The movement was entirely successful, and 137 prisoners fell into my hands, with 150 stand of arms, 1 color, 7 wagons (loaded with subsistence stores), and an ambulance.  In the hurry of reporting this affair I made the amount of property and prisoners captured less than it actually was….

I have the honor to be, sir, your obedient servant,

BEN. McCULLOCH,

Brigadier-General, Commanding.

Casualties

Total Killed Wounded Missing Captured
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Combined Forces

References: OR, Series I, Volume 3, Page 38

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