2nd USCT Infantry Regiment 1st USCT Infantry Regiment 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment 1861 Skirmishes 1862 Skirmishes 1863 Skirmishes 1864 Skirmishes 1865 Skirmishes Alternate Battle Names 3rd Regiment Alabama Infantry 1861-04-12 Battle of Fort Sumter 1861-04-15 Evacuation of Fort Sumter 1861-04-19 Riots in Baltimore 1861-05-07 Gloucester Point 1861-05-10 Camp Jackson 1861-05-10 Riots in St. Louis 1861-05-18 Sewell’s Point 1861-05-29 Aquia Creek 1861-06-01 Fairfax Court House I 1861-06-01 Arlington Mills 1861-06-03 Philippi 1861-06-05 Pig Point 1861-06-10 Big Bethel 1861-06-15 Hooe’s Ferry 1861-06-17 Vienna 1861-06-17 Boonville 1861-06-19 Cole Camp 1861-06-27 Mathias Point 1861-07-02 Hoke’s Run 1861-07-05 Carthage 1861-07-05 Neosho 1861-07-08 Laurel Hill 1861-07-11 Rich Mountain 1861-07-12 Barboursville 1861-07-13 Corrick’s Ford 1861-07-17 Scary Creek 1861-07-17 Bunker Hill 1861-07-18 Blackburn’s Ford 1861-07-21 Manassas I 1861-07-22 Forsyth 1861-07-25 Mesilla I 1861-07-27 Fort Fillmore 1861-07-28 Sinking of the Petrel 1861-08 Siege of Tubac 1861-08 Cooke’s Canyon 1861-08 Battle of the Florida Mountains 1861-08-02 Dug Springs 1861-08-03 Curran Post Office 1861-08-05 Athens 1861-08-07 Hampton 1861-08-10 Wilson’s Creek 1861-08-10 Potosi 1861-08-19 Charleston 1861-08-25 Mason’s Hill 1861-08-26 Kessler’s Cross Lanes 1861-08-28 Hatteras Inlet Batteries 1861-08-31 Munson’s Hill 1861-09-02 Dry Wood Creek 1861-09-02 Gallinas Massacre 1861-09-08 Placito 1861-09-10 Carnifex Ferry 1861-09-11 Lewinsville 1861-09-12 Cheat Mountain 1861-09-12 Lexington I 1861-09-17 Liberty 1861-09-19 Barbourville 1861-09-21 Fredericktown I 1861-09-24 Canada Alamosa 1861-09-27 Pinos Altos 1861-10-03 Greenbrier River 1861-10-05 Cockle Creek 1861-10-09 Santa Rosa Island 1861-10-12 Battle of the Head of Passes 1861-10-21 Ball’s Bluff 1861-10-21 Camp Wildcat 1861-10-21 Fredericktown II 1861-10-23 Big Sandy Expedition 1861-10-25 Springfield I 1861-11-03 Port Royal 1861-11-07 Belmont 1861-11-08 Ivy Mountain 1861-11-19 Round Mountain 1861-11-20 Skirmish at Brownsville 1861-11-20 Hunter’s Mills 1861-12-04 Bog Wallow Ambush 1861-12-09 Chusto-Talasah 1861-12-13 Camp Allegheny 1861-12-17 Rowlett’s Station 1861-12-19 Skirmish at Blackwater Creek 1861-12-20 Dranesville 1861-12-26 Chustenahlah 1861-12-28 Mount Zion Church 1861-12-28 Sacramento 1862-01-01 Crook’s 1862 Expedition 1862-01-03 Cockpit Point 1862-01-05 Hancock 1862-01-08 Roan’s Tan Yard 1862-01-10 Middle Creek 1862-01-11 Lucas Bend 1862-01-19 Mill Springs


Start: 1861-08-10

ResultsUSA Battle Flag

Photo Gallery


During the first few months of the Civil War, the Home Guards were organized and consisted of seventy-five men.  They were mostly miners and a floating population.  They were under the command of Captain George French, Lieutenant Irwin K. Walker and Second Lieutenant  Thomas Macklind.  They kept their guns in Douglas Hall at the upper end of High Street where they made their headquarters.  They called it the “arsenal.”


On Saturday morning, August 10th, 1861, Confederates had been hovering in the vicinity of Springfield Furnace, about six miles south of Potosi.  They were commanded by Captain White of Fredericktown and the notorious Benjamin Talbot.

Order of Battle


Many citizens thought from various indications that an attack on Potosi would be made Saturday night while the inhabitants were in bed.  Instead, a charge was made before dark at about 6PM.  Captain White strategically chose this time to attack while most of the Home Guards were at supper and others were out protecting the bridges.  This left about 20 Union men guarding the arsenal.  Captain White and his band of approximately 120 soldiers charged down the main street of Potosi, screaming the Rebel yell.  They halted at Douglas Hall and fired upon it, wounding several of the Home Guards.  Those that were at supper fled for safety.  Captain White failed to capture the arsenal, however, as the Home Guards returned fire sending three volleys and wounding several of the rebels.

The Confederates fled in the direction of the depot with the Home Guards, even though greatly out-numbered, giving chase and firing upon them again.

A number of the rebels then fled north in the direction of Liberty Township and part south toward Bellevue Valley.  The entire episode lasted about 20 minutes.


That small group of courageous Home Guards managed to kill two Confederates, one of them being William Holloman, wound three, including Dr. James Hill, and captured several of them – William Matthews and Mike Lynch.  One of the rebel horses was killed and several others were wounded.  The Home Guards also captured fifteen to twenty rifles, three navy revolvers and several Arkansas bowie knives that had been left on the field.

Of the Home Guards, Andrew Kearns was mortally wounded.  He was shot through the shoulder.  Alexander Fortune and and Mr Wilson were shot in the thigh.  Ben Kendall, Mr Dekalb and Thomas Renfro were also wounded.

Troops were quickly sent to reinforce Potosi and other areas of Washington County.


Total Killed Wounded Missing Captured
USA Battle Flag  1  4
CSA Battle Flag small  2  3
Combined Forces

References: http://carrollscorner.net/WashCoCW1.htm

2016 civilwartroops.org ©