2nd USCT Infantry Regiment 1st USCT Infantry Regiment 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment 1861 Skirmishes 1862 Skirmishes 1863 Skirmishes 1864 Skirmishes 1865 Skirmishes Alternate Battle Names 3rd Regiment Alabama Infantry 1861-04-12 Battle of Fort Sumter 1861-04-15 Evacuation of Fort Sumter 1861-04-19 Riots in Baltimore 1861-05-07 Gloucester Point 1861-05-10 Camp Jackson 1861-05-10 Riots in St. Louis 1861-05-18 Sewell’s Point 1861-05-29 Aquia Creek 1861-06-01 Fairfax Court House I 1861-06-01 Arlington Mills 1861-06-03 Philippi 1861-06-05 Pig Point 1861-06-10 Big Bethel 1861-06-15 Hooe’s Ferry 1861-06-17 Vienna 1861-06-17 Boonville 1861-06-19 Cole Camp 1861-06-27 Mathias Point 1861-07-02 Hoke’s Run 1861-07-05 Carthage 1861-07-05 Neosho 1861-07-08 Laurel Hill 1861-07-11 Rich Mountain 1861-07-12 Barboursville 1861-07-13 Corrick’s Ford 1861-07-17 Scary Creek 1861-07-17 Bunker Hill 1861-07-18 Blackburn’s Ford 1861-07-21 Manassas I 1861-07-22 Forsyth 1861-07-25 Mesilla I 1861-07-27 Fort Fillmore 1861-07-28 Sinking of the Petrel 1861-08 Siege of Tubac 1861-08 Cooke’s Canyon 1861-08 Battle of the Florida Mountains 1861-08-02 Dug Springs 1861-08-03 Curran Post Office 1861-08-05 Athens 1861-08-07 Hampton 1861-08-10 Wilson’s Creek 1861-08-10 Potosi 1861-08-19 Charleston 1861-08-25 Mason’s Hill 1861-08-26 Kessler’s Cross Lanes 1861-08-28 Hatteras Inlet Batteries 1861-08-31 Munson’s Hill 1861-09-02 Dry Wood Creek 1861-09-02 Gallinas Massacre 1861-09-08 Placito 1861-09-10 Carnifex Ferry 1861-09-11 Lewinsville 1861-09-12 Cheat Mountain 1861-09-12 Lexington I 1861-09-17 Liberty 1861-09-19 Barbourville 1861-09-21 Fredericktown I 1861-09-24 Canada Alamosa 1861-09-27 Pinos Altos 1861-10-03 Greenbrier River 1861-10-05 Cockle Creek 1861-10-09 Santa Rosa Island 1861-10-12 Battle of the Head of Passes 1861-10-21 Ball’s Bluff 1861-10-21 Camp Wildcat 1861-10-21 Fredericktown II 1861-10-23 Big Sandy Expedition 1861-10-25 Springfield I 1861-11-03 Port Royal 1861-11-07 Belmont 1861-11-08 Ivy Mountain 1861-11-19 Round Mountain 1861-11-20 Skirmish at Brownsville 1861-11-20 Hunter’s Mills 1861-12-04 Bog Wallow Ambush 1861-12-09 Chusto-Talasah 1861-12-13 Camp Allegheny 1861-12-17 Rowlett’s Station 1861-12-19 Skirmish at Blackwater Creek 1861-12-20 Dranesville 1861-12-26 Chustenahlah 1861-12-28 Mount Zion Church 1861-12-28 Sacramento 1862-01-01 Crook’s 1862 Expedition 1862-01-03 Cockpit Point 1862-01-05 Hancock 1862-01-08 Roan’s Tan Yard 1862-01-10 Middle Creek 1862-01-11 Lucas Bend 1862-01-19 Mill Springs

1861-11-20 Hunter’s Mills


Start: 1861-11-20


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Much of the history of Hunter Mill Corridor’s past is tied to the Civil War because it served as a major roadway for both Union and Confederate armies.

The road saw guerilla warfare, families fleeing for safety and the decimation of its farmland. It endured the “Gray Ghost,” the execution of a reverend and troops occupying family homes.


With Confederate forces camped out around Manassas and Centreville, Union forces set up in the Arlington area and continual troop movements between Washington, D.C., and Leesburg, the corridor served as relatively desirable campgrounds with Difficult Run providing water and the railroad (now known as the Washington and Old Dominion Trail) offering a pathway — even after General Robert E. Lee’s army destroyed parts of it west of Vienna.

And perhaps most importantly, Hunter Mill Road was one of the main pathways to the Fairfax County Courthouse — a significant supply outpost throughout the Civil War — which would be controlled by the Confederacy at the beginning of the war and the Union by the end of it.

“Farm families sympathetic to Union and Confederate forces contributed to great tension in the area. The corridor provided an abundance of water and rich farmland for foraging, which were essential to support the movement and encampment of armies and cavalry.”

With many families from the northeast having moved to Northern Virginia in the 1840s and 1850s, the area was split between Northern and Southern sympathizers. Because occupation of the corridor went back and forth between the Union and the Confederacy, residents fled based on which side had control.

When the secession vote happened, there were no secret ballots, so everyone knew exactly whose side you were on and many problems arose from that, as you can imagine.

With the corridor filled with farmland, many of those who fled would return to tend the land to try to prevent complete decimation when the war would finally end. But that risk did not pay off in most cases, as soldiers often took shelter, food and goods, leaving little for families once they returned.

They had to try to salvage what they could, but people were in and out of the area throughout the war, and especially in the first year or so. The area was not static, at all.

Order of Battle


Perhaps the most terrifying part of living in the corridor during the Civil War was knowing the “Gray Ghost” was out there with his Partisan Rangers, ready to take revenge on those who sympathized with the North.

Col. John Singleton Mosby, also known as the “Gray Ghost,” and his crew that would operate with 20 to 80 men using guerilla tactics, would target active Union supporters and either capture or kill them.

The Reverend John B. Read, the pastor of First Falls Church Baptist Church, was killed by the Rangers.

Read aided Union troops using a black man to pass along his messages. Mosby and his men captured the black man, who told them of Read’s involvement. Read ignored warnings from the Rangers, so Mosby’s men tracked him down and killed him on what is now the W&OD trail, near Difficult Run where Hunter’s Mill used to stand.

Northerners in the area stayed away because of Mosby and his people. He really terrorized the area and had them frightened.


Flint Hill Cemetery, located next to , includes 25 headstones for Civil War veterans — both Union and Confederate soldiers. Jones Cemetery, located on Hunt Country Lane off Hunter Mill Road, used to include a mass grave where Confederate soldiers who died of disease were buried. Those men have since been reinterred at Fairfax Cemetery.


Total Killed Wounded Missing Captured
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Combined Forces

References: http://patch.com/virginia/oakton/hunter-mill-corridor-a-civil-war-history

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