2nd USCT Infantry Regiment 1st USCT Infantry Regiment 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment 1861 Skirmishes 1862 Skirmishes 1863 Skirmishes 1864 Skirmishes 1865 Skirmishes Alternate Battle Names 3rd Regiment Alabama Infantry 1861-04-12 Battle of Fort Sumter 1861-04-15 Evacuation of Fort Sumter 1861-04-19 Riots in Baltimore 1861-05-07 Gloucester Point 1861-05-10 Camp Jackson 1861-05-10 Riots in St. Louis 1861-05-18 Sewell’s Point 1861-05-29 Aquia Creek 1861-06-01 Fairfax Court House I 1861-06-01 Arlington Mills 1861-06-03 Philippi 1861-06-05 Pig Point 1861-06-10 Big Bethel 1861-06-15 Hooe’s Ferry 1861-06-17 Vienna 1861-06-17 Boonville 1861-06-19 Cole Camp 1861-06-27 Mathias Point 1861-07-02 Hoke’s Run 1861-07-05 Carthage 1861-07-05 Neosho 1861-07-08 Laurel Hill 1861-07-11 Rich Mountain 1861-07-12 Barboursville 1861-07-13 Corrick’s Ford 1861-07-17 Scary Creek 1861-07-17 Bunker Hill 1861-07-18 Blackburn’s Ford 1861-07-21 Manassas I 1861-07-22 Forsyth 1861-07-25 Mesilla I 1861-07-27 Fort Fillmore 1861-07-28 Sinking of the Petrel 1861-08 Siege of Tubac 1861-08 Cooke’s Canyon 1861-08 Battle of the Florida Mountains 1861-08-02 Dug Springs 1861-08-03 Curran Post Office 1861-08-05 Athens 1861-08-07 Hampton 1861-08-10 Wilson’s Creek 1861-08-10 Potosi 1861-08-19 Charleston 1861-08-25 Mason’s Hill 1861-08-26 Kessler’s Cross Lanes 1861-08-28 Hatteras Inlet Batteries 1861-08-31 Munson’s Hill 1861-09-02 Dry Wood Creek 1861-09-02 Gallinas Massacre 1861-09-08 Placito 1861-09-10 Carnifex Ferry 1861-09-11 Lewinsville 1861-09-12 Cheat Mountain 1861-09-12 Lexington I 1861-09-17 Liberty 1861-09-19 Barbourville 1861-09-21 Fredericktown I 1861-09-24 Canada Alamosa 1861-09-27 Pinos Altos 1861-10-03 Greenbrier River 1861-10-05 Cockle Creek 1861-10-09 Santa Rosa Island 1861-10-12 Battle of the Head of Passes 1861-10-21 Ball’s Bluff 1861-10-21 Camp Wildcat 1861-10-21 Fredericktown II 1861-10-23 Big Sandy Expedition 1861-10-25 Springfield I 1861-11-03 Port Royal 1861-11-07 Belmont 1861-11-08 Ivy Mountain 1861-11-19 Round Mountain 1861-11-20 Skirmish at Brownsville 1861-11-20 Hunter’s Mills 1861-12-04 Bog Wallow Ambush 1861-12-09 Chusto-Talasah 1861-12-13 Camp Allegheny 1861-12-17 Rowlett’s Station 1861-12-19 Skirmish at Blackwater Creek 1861-12-20 Dranesville 1861-12-26 Chustenahlah 1861-12-28 Mount Zion Church 1861-12-28 Sacramento 1862-01-01 Crook’s 1862 Expedition 1862-01-03 Cockpit Point 1862-01-05 Hancock 1862-01-08 Roan’s Tan Yard 1862-01-10 Middle Creek 1862-01-11 Lucas Bend 1862-01-19 Mill Springs

Battles

Battles of the American Civil War

This page provides a chronological listing of battles that occurred during the war.  The list is still growing.

You can use the selectors on the right to obtain subsets of the battles, either by theater or state.

1861-04-12 Battle of Fort Sumter

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South Carolina Start: 1861-04-12 End: 1861-04-14 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–14, 1861) was the bombardment and surrender of Fort Sumter, near Charleston, South Carolina, that started the American Civil War. Following declarations of secession by seven Southern states, South Carolina demanded that the US Army abandon its facilities…
Categories: Battles, Lower Seaboard Theater And Gulf Approach, South Carolina

1861-04-15 Evacuation of Fort Sumter

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South Carolina Start: 1861-04-15 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction As news of the relief expeditionof Fort Sumter percolated through the Confederate government, Beauregard was instructed to demand the fort’s surrender and fire on it if surrender was refused. Beauregard began moving men and artillery into place and on April 11 and sent envoys to Fort…
Categories: Battles, Lower Seaboard Theater And Gulf Approach, South Carolina

1861-04-19 Riots in Baltimore

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Maryland Start: 1861-04-19 Result:Confederate sympathisers ultimately suppressed. Photo Gallery Introduction The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the Pratt Street Riot and the Pratt Street Massacre) was a conflict on April 19, 1861, in Baltimore, Maryland, between anti-War Democrats (the largest party in Maryland), as well as Confederate sympathizers, and members of the Massachusetts…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Maryland

1861-05-07 Gloucester Point

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Virginia Start: 1861-05-07 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Gloucester Point, Virginia was an inconclusive exchange of cannon fire between a shore battery on the York River which was manned by Virginia (soon to be Confederate) forces and the Union gunboat USS Yankee. The action occurred on May 7, 1861, three weeks…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-05-10 Camp Jackson

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Missouri Start: 1861-05-10 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Camp Jackson Affair was an incident in the American Civil War on 10 May 1861, when Union military forces captured a force of pro-secession state militia at Camp Jackson, just outside Saint Louis, Missouri, and subsequently clashed with pro-secession rioters in the city. Background Missouri was…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-05-10 Riots in St. Louis

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Missouri Start: 1861-05-10 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction St. Louis, Missouri was a strategic location during the American Civil War, an important city to the Union army and navy. It was a major supply depot and launching point for campaigns in the Western Theater. Background German and Irish Americans Located near the junction of the…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-05-18 Sewell’s Point

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Virginia Start: 1861-05-18 End: 1861-05-19 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Sewell's Point was an inconclusive exchange of cannon fire between the Union gunboat USS Monticello, supported by the USS Thomas Freeborn, and Confederate batteries on Sewell's Point that took place on May 18, 19 and 21, 1861, in Norfolk County, Virginia…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-05-29 Aquia Creek

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Virginia Start: 1861-05-29 End: 1861-06-01 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Aquia Creek was an exchange of cannon fire between Union Navy gunboats and Confederate shore batteries on the Potomac River at its confluence with Aquia Creek in Stafford County, Virginia. The battle took place from May 29, 1861 to June 1,…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-06-01 Fairfax Court House I

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Virginia Start: 1861-06-01 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Fairfax Court House was the first land engagement of the American Civil War, when a Union scouting party clashed with the local militia in the village of Fairfax Court House, Virginia on June 1, 1861. It saw the first death in action of…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-06-01 Arlington Mills

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Virginia Start: 1861-06-01 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Arlington Mills, Virginia, was a small skirmish that was one of the first military engagements of the American Civil War, a week after the Union occupation of that part of Virginia opposite Washington, D.C. It occurred at about 11:00 p.m. on June 1, 1861,…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-06-03 Philippi

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West Virginia Start: 1861-06-03 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Philippi formed part of the Western Virginia Campaign of the American Civil War, and was fought in and around Philippi, Virginia (now West Virginia) on June 3, 1861. A decisive Union victory, it was the first organized land action of the war, though…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-06-05 Pig Point

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Virginia Start: 1861-06-05 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Pig Point, Virginia was an engagement between the Union gunboat USRC Harriet Lane and a shore battery and rifle company of the Confederate Army on June 5, 1861 in the third month of the American Civil War. Pig Point is located in Portsmouth,…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-06-10 Big Bethel

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Virginia Start: 1861-06-10 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Big Bethel, also known as the Battle of Bethel Church or Great Bethel was one of the earliest land battles of the American Civil War (Civil War) after the surrender of Fort Sumter. The battle between Union Army and Confederate States Army forces on…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-06-15 Hooe’s Ferry

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Virginia Start: 1861-06-15 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction No reference to a battle at this location except that the USS Christina Keen was captured.  Confederates from the Farmer’s Fork Grays were involved. Casualties Total Killed Wounded Missing Captured Combined Forces References: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troop_engagements_of_the_American_Civil_War,_1861
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-06-17 Vienna

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Virginia Start: 1861-06-17 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Vienna, Virginia was a minor engagement between Union and Confederate forces on June 17, 1861, during the early days of the American Civil War. The Union was trying to protect the areas of Virginia opposite Washington, D.C., and established a camp at Vienna, at…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-06-17 Boonville

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Missouri Start: 1861-06-17 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The First Battle of Boonville was a minor skirmish of the American Civil War, occurring on June 17, 1861, near Boonville in Cooper County, Missouri. Although casualties were extremely light, the battle's strategic impact was far greater than one might assume from its limited nature. The Union…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-06-19 Cole Camp

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Missouri Start: 1861-06-19 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Cole Camp was a skirmish of the American Civil War, occurring on June 19, 1861, in Benton County, Missouri. The rebel victory assured an open line of march for the fleeing governor and Missouri State Guard away from Lyon's force in Boonville. Background On…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-06-27 Mathias Point

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Virginia Start: 1861-06-27 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Mathias Point, Virginia (June 27, 1861) was an early naval action of the American Civil War in connection with the Union blockade and the corresponding effort by the Confederates to deny use of the Potomac to the enemy. Two Union gunboats tried to prevent…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-07-02 Hoke’s Run

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West Virginia Start: 1861-07-02 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Hoke's Run, also known as the Battle of Falling Waters or Hainesville, took place on July 2, 1861, in Berkeley County, Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Manassas Campaign of the American Civil War. Notable as an early engagement of Confederate…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-07-05 Carthage

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Missouri Start: 1861-07-05 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Carthage, also known as the Battle of Dry Fork, took place at the beginning of the American Civil War on July 5, 1861, in Jasper County, Missouri. The experienced Colonel Franz Sigel commanded 1,100 Federal soldiers intent on keeping Missouri within the Union. The…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-07-05 Neosho

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Missouri Start: 1861-07-05 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction This description of events appears in the Official War Records. Battle Report of Capt. Joseph Conrad, Company B, Third Missouri Infantry (Union) to Colonel Franz Sigel SPRINGFIELD, Mo., July 11, 1861 SIR: In accordance with your order, I most respectfully make hereby a statement of facts concerning…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-07-08 Laurel Hill

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West Virginia Start: 1861-07-08 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction Newspaper headlines across the country screamed word of events from western Virginia in June and July 1861. Here Union troops under General George B. McClellan advanced on Confederates in the first land battles of the Civil War at Philippi, Laurel Hill, Rich Mountain and Corricks Ford.…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-07-11 Rich Mountain

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West Virginia Start: 1861-07-11 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Rich Mountain took place on July 11, 1861, in Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War. Background Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan assumed command of Union forces in western Virginia…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-07-12 Barboursville

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Virginia Start: 1861-07-12 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction In April 1861, Charleston was in a chaotic condition. Men on every side differed in opinion. They soon found themselves confronted with a sea of gray from the East. Citizens held mass meetings; local military units began to drill and polish up obsolete arms. One company, known…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-07-13 Corrick’s Ford

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West Virginia Start: 1861-07-13 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Corrick's Ford took place on July 13, 1861, on the Cheat River in western Virginia (now the state of West Virginia) as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War. By later standards the battle was a minor…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-07-17 Scary Creek

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West Virginia Start: 1861-07-17 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The battle occurred four months after the beginning of the war and days before the first major battle at Manassas (Bull Run). Union forces under General Jacob Cox began a push up the Kanawha Valley from Ohio. Confederate General Henry A. Wise commanded a few thousand…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-07-17 Bunker Hill

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Virginia Start: 1861-07-17 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction At Bunker Hill in 1726, Colonel Morgan Morgan founded the first permanent settlement of record in the part of Virginia that became West Virginia. In commemoration of this event, the state of West Virginia has erected a monument in Bunker Hill State Park, and has placed a…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-07-18 Blackburn’s Ford

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Virginia Start: 1861-07-18 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Blackburn's Ford took place on July 18, 1861, in Prince William County and Fairfax County, Virginia, as part of the First Manassas Campaign of the American Civil War. A Union brigade was ordered to probe the Confederate defenses along Bull Run to locate the…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-07-21 Manassas I

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Virginia Start: 1861-07-21 Results:  PhotoGallery Introduction The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as First Manassas (the name used by Confederate forces), was fought on July 21, 1861, in Prince William County, Virginia, near the city of Manassas, not far from the city of Washington, D.C. It was the first major battle of…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-07-22 Forsyth

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Missouri Start: 1861-07-22 Results:  Photo Gallery Order of Battle Battle Report of Brigadier General Thomas W. Sweeny, U. S. Army. HEADQUARTERS SOUTHWEST EXPEDITION, Springfield, Mo., July 27, 1861. SIR: In compliance with verbal orders received from you, I left this place on the evening of the 20th instant, and proceed with dispatch to Forsyth,…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-07-25 Mesilla I

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New Mexico Start: 1861-07-25 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The First Battle of Mesilla, was fought on July 25, 1861 at Mesilla in New Mexico Territory, in present day Doña Ana County, New Mexico. It was an engagement between Confederate and Union forces during the American Civil War. The battle resulted in a Confederate victory…
Categories: Battles, New Mexico Territory, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-07-27 Fort Fillmore

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New Mexico Start: 1861-07-27 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction Fort Fillmore was a fortification established by Col Edwin Vose Sumner in September 1851 near Mesilla in what is now New Mexico, primarily to protect settlers and traders traveling to California. Travelers in the Westward Migration were under constant threat from Indian attack, and a network…
Categories: Battles, New Mexico Territory, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-07-28 Sinking of the Petrel

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South Carolina Start: 1861-07-28 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Sinking of the Petrel occurred in July 1861 during the American Civil War. While cruising off the coast of South Carolina the United States Navy warship USS St. Lawrence encountered the Confederate privateer named Petrel. The engagement ended in a Union victory and the surviving…
Categories: Battles, Lower Seaboard Theater And Gulf Approach, South Carolina

1861-08 Siege of Tubac

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Arizona Start: 1861-08 Results: Apache strategic victory, Confederate tactical victory Photo Gallery Introduction The Siege of Tubac was a siege of the Apache Wars, between settlers and militia of Confederate Arizona and Chiricahua Apaches. The battle took place at Tubac in the present day southern Arizona. The actual dates of this engagement have been…
Categories: Arizona Territory, Battles, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-08 Cooke’s Canyon

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Arizona Start: 1861-08 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Cookes Canyon was an engagement of the Apache Wars fought in the later part of August 1861, between settlers from Confederate Arizona, and Chiricahua Apaches. It occurred about 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Mesilla, in Cookes Canyon. The exact date of the battle…
Categories: Arizona Territory, Battles, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-08 Battle of the Florida Mountains

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Arizona Start: 1861-08 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of the Florida Mountains was an action of the Apache Wars. Forces involved were Chiricahua Apache warriors and mounted Confederate States militia. The battle occurred in a pass of the Florida Mountains within Confederate Arizona, now southwestern New Mexico. The exact date of the engagement…
Categories: Arizona Territory, Battles, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-08-02 Dug Springs

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Missouri Start: 1861-08-02 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Skirmish at Dug Springs took place along the Wire Road near current day Clever, Missouri. Background For the night of Aug 1, Union Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon's forces camped in and around Wilson Creek. Because of reports that Missouri State Guard Brigadier General James S. Rains…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-08-03 Curran Post Office

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Missouri Start: 1861-08-03 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction Following their successful skirmish with Confederate troops the previous day, Union Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon continues his advance towards Curran Post Office. Order of Battle Battle That night, Lyon rested his forces and renewed his forward movement in the morning on August 3rd. Lyon marched another…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-08-05 Athens

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Missouri Start: 1861-08-05 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Athens was an American Civil War skirmish that took place in northeast Missouri in 1861 near present Revere and southeast Iowa along the Des Moines River across from Croton (3 miles southeast of Farmington). The Union victory has the distinction of being the most…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-08-07 Hampton

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Virginia Start: 1861-08-07 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction Fort Monroe is a military installation located in Hampton Roads, Virginia, on the Peninsula overlooking the Chesapeake Bay. It was the only federal military installation in the Upper South to remain under United States control throughout the American Civil War (1861–1865). The village of Hampton, Virginia, near…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-08-10 Wilson’s Creek

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Missouri Start: 1861-08-10 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Wilson's Creek, also known as the Battle of Oak Hills, was the first major battle of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War. Fought on August 10, 1861, near Springfield, Missouri, between Federal forces and the Missouri State Guard, it is sometimes called…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-08-10 Potosi

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Missouri Start: 1861-08-10 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction During the first few months of the Civil War, the Home Guards were organized and consisted of seventy-five men.  They were mostly miners and a floating population.  They were under the command of Captain George French, Lieutenant Irwin K. Walker and Second Lieutenant  Thomas Macklind.  They kept…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-08-19 Charleston

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Missouri Start: 1861-08-19 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Charleston (also known as the Battle of Bird's Point) was a minor clash in Charleston, Missouri, United States during the American Civil War. On August 19, 1861, Union forces led by Col. Henry Dougherty were able to destroy a Confederate camp. There had been…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-08-25 Mason’s Hill

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Virginia Start: 1861-08-25 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction General James Longstreet stood at the vanguard of the Confederate advance through Northern Virginia in late summer of 1861.  During the end of August, Longstreet pushed a force of infantry beyond his picket line at Falls Church, Virginia and closer to the Union capital.*  Assisted by Col.…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-08-26 Kessler’s Cross Lanes

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West Virginia Start: 1861-08-26 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Kessler's Cross Lanes, also known as the Battle of Cross Lanes, took place on August 26, 1861 in Nicholas County, Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War. Order of Battle Battle On…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-08-28 Hatteras Inlet Batteries

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North Carolina Start: 1861-08-28              End: 1861-08-29 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries, sometimes known as the Battle of Forts Hatteras and Clark, was a small but significant engagement in the early days of the American Civil War. Two Confederate forts on the North Carolina Outer Banks were subjected to an…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, North Carolina

1861-08-31 Munson’s Hill

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Virginia Start: 1861-08-31 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The hill rocketed to fame during the American Civil War, when it made international news headlines repeatedly. After the war opened in South Carolina, events quickly moved to Northern Virginia. A calamitous loss suffered at the First Battle of Manassas by the Union Army in July 1861…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-09-02 Dry Wood Creek

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Missouri Start: 1861-09-02 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Dry Wood Creek (also known as the Battle of Big Dry Wood Creek or the Battle of the Mules) was fought on September 2, 1861 in Vernon County, Missouri during the American Civil War. The Missouri State Guard troops were successful in their campaign…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-09-02 Gallinas Massacre

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New Mexico Start: 1861-09-02 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The Gallinas massacre or the Gallinas Mountains massacre was an engagement in the Apache Wars between a war party of Chiricahua Apache warriors and four Confederate soldiers in the Gallinas Mountains of Confederate Arizona, now within the present day New Mexico. Order of Battle Battle On…
Categories: Battles, New Mexico Territory, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-09-08 Placito

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Arizona Territory Start: 1861-09-08 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Placito or Battle of the Placito was an engagement between ethnic Mexican settlers, Confederate soldiers and Apache warriors. It took place at the now abandoned village of Placito in Confederate Arizona. The action is a part of the Apache Wars of the mid…
Categories: Arizona Territory, Battles, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-09-10 Carnifex Ferry

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West Virginia Start: 1861-09-10 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Carnifex Ferry took place on September 10, 1861, in Nicholas County, Virginia (now West Virginia), as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War. The battle resulted in a Union strategic victory that contributed to the eventual Confederate…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-09-11 Lewinsville

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Virginia Start: 1861-09-11 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction On September 11, 1861, Lt. Orlando Poe led a party of U.S. Army Topographical Engineers to map the area around Lewinsville for military use. Col. Isaac Stevens and 1,800 men protected the engineers. Stevens’s command included the 79th New York (Highlanders) Infantry, detachments from four other regiments,…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-09-12 Cheat Mountain

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West Virginia Start: 1861-09-12              End: 1861-09-15 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Cheat Mountain, also known as the Battle of Cheat Summit Fort, took place from September 12 to 15, 1861, in Pocahontas County and Randolph County, Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War.…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-09-12 Lexington I

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Missouri Start: 1861-09-12              End: 1861-09-20 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The First Battle of Lexington, also known as the Battle of the Hemp Bales or the Siege of Lexington, was an engagement of the American Civil War, occurring from September 12 to September 20, 1861, between the Union Army and the pro-Confederate Missouri State Guard,…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-09-17 Liberty

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Missouri Start: 1861-09-17 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Liberty (also known as the Battle of Blue Mills Landing or the Battle of Blue Mills) was a battle of the American Civil War that took place on 17 September 1861, in Clay County, Missouri. Union forces unsuccessfully attempted to prevent pro-Confederate Missouri State…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-09-19 Barbourville

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Kentucky Start: 1861-09-19 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Barbourville was one of the early engagements of the American Civil War. It took place on September 19, 1861, in Knox County, Kentucky during the campaign known as the Kentucky Confederate Offensive. The battle is considered the first Confederate victory in the commonwealth, and…
Categories: Battles, Kentucky, Western Theater

1861-09-21 Fredericktown I

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Missouri Start: 1861-09-21 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Fredericktown was an engagement of the American Civil War. It took place on October 21, 1861, in Madison County, Missouri. Union victory consolidated their control of southeastern Missouri. Background In October 1861, Missouri State Guard Brig. Gen. M. Jeff Thompson led a 1,500-man force…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-09-24 Canada Alamosa

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New Mexico Start: 1861-09-24             End: 1861-09-25 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Canada Alamosa was a skirmish of the American Civil War on the late evening and morning of September 24 and 25, 1861. Several small battles occurred in Confederate Arizona near the border with Union New Mexico…
Categories: Battles, New Mexico Territory, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-09-27 Pinos Altos

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New Mexico Start: 1861-09-27 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Pinos Altos was a military action of the Apache Wars. It was fought on September 27, 1861 between settlers of Pinos Altos mining town, the Confederate Arizona Guards, and Apache warriors. The town is located about seven miles north of the present day…
Categories: Battles, New Mexico Territory, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-10-03 Greenbrier River

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West Virginia Start: 1861-10-03 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Greenbrier River, also known as the Battle of Camp Bartow, took place on October 3, 1861 in Pocahontas County, Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War. Background In mid-September 1861 Confederate…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-10-05 Cockle Creek

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Virginia Start: 1861-10-05 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Cockle Creek, October 5, 1861, was a minor naval engagement off Chincoteague, Virginia early in the American Civil War. Background In 1861 the citizens of Chincoteague voted 138-2 to remain loyal to the Union, despite Virginia's vote for secession on May 23—the island was…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-10-09 Santa Rosa Island

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Florida Start: 1861-10-09 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Santa Rosa Island (October 9, 1861) was an unsuccessful Confederate attempt to take Union-held Fort Pickens on Santa Rosa Island, Florida. Background Santa Rosa Island is a 40-mile barrier island in the U.S. state of Florida, thirty miles from the Alabama state border. At…
Categories: Battles, Florida, Lower Seaboard Theater And Gulf Approach

1861-10-12 Battle of the Head of Passes

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Louisiana Start: 1861-10-12 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of the Head of Passes was a bloodless naval battle of the American Civil War. It was a naval raid made by the Confederate river defense fleet, also known as the “mosquito fleet” in the local media, on ships of the Union Blockade squadron anchored…
Categories: Battles, Louisiana, Lower Seaboard Theater And Gulf Approach

1861-10-21 Ball’s Bluff

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Virginia Start: 1861-10-21 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction: The Battle of Ball's Bluff in Loudoun County, Virginia on October 21, 1861, was one of the early battles of the American Civil War, in which Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan’s Army of the Potomac (Union) suffered a humiliating defeat. The operation was planned as a minor…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-10-21 Camp Wildcat

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Kentucky Start: 1861-10-21 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Camp Wildcat (also known as Wildcat Mountain and Camp Wild Cat) was one of the early engagements of the American Civil War (Civil War). It occurred October 21, 1861, in northern Laurel County, Kentucky during the campaign known as the Kentucky Confederate Offensive or…
Categories: Battles, Kentucky, Western Theater

1861-10-21 Fredericktown II

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Missouri Start: 1861-10-21 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Fredericktown was an engagement of the American Civil War. It took place on October 21, 1861, in Madison County, Missouri. Union victory consolidated their control of southeastern Missouri. Background In October 1861, Missouri State Guard Brig. Gen. M. Jeff Thompson led a 1500-man force…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-10-23 Big Sandy Expedition

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Kentucky Start: 1861-10-23              End: 1861-11-09 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Big Sandy Expedition was an early campaign of the American Civil War in Kentucky that began in mid-September 1861 when Union Brig. Gen. William "Bull" Nelson received orders to organize a new brigade at Maysville, Kentucky and conduct an expedition into the Big Sandy…
Categories: Battles, Kentucky, Western Theater

1861-10-25 Springfield I

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Missouri Start: 1861-10-25 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The First Battle of Springfield or Zagonyi's Charge was a battle of the American Civil War that occurred on October 25, 1861, in Greene County, Missouri. It was the only Union victory in southwestern Missouri in 1861. Background Having accomplished little since taking command of the Western…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-11-03 Port Royal

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South Carolina Start: 1861-11-03                             End: 1861-11-07 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Port Royal was one of the earliest amphibious operations of the American Civil War, in which a United States Navy fleet and United States Army expeditionary force captured Port Royal Sound, South Carolina, between Savannah, Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina, on…
Categories: Battles, Lower Seaboard Theater And Gulf Approach, South Carolina

1861-11-07 Belmont

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Missouri Start: 1861-11-07 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Belmont was fought on November 7, 1861, in Mississippi County, Missouri. It was the first combat test in the American Civil War for Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, the future Union Army general in chief and eventual U.S. president; Grant's troops in this battle…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-11-08 Ivy Mountain

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Kentucky Start: 1861-11-08 Results:  Photo Gallery Order of Battle Battle Thursday, November 7, Col. Joshua W. Sill started the northern prong of the Big Sandy expedition toward John's Creek. From there he was to veer south for about forty miles and gain the rear of the enemy at Pikeville. The following morning, Nelson took…
Categories: Battles, Kentucky, Western Theater

1861-11-19 Round Mountain

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Oklahoma Territory Start: 1861-11-19 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Round Mountain was the first battle in the Trail of Blood on Ice campaign for the control of Indian Territory during the American Civil War and occurred on November 19, 1861. The physical location of the battle is in dispute. Some historians believe…
Categories: Battles, Oklahoma Territory, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-11-20 Skirmish at Brownsville

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Kentucky Start: 1861-11-20 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The Green River and its bridges, fords, and ferries continued to be a point of contact between forces of the blue and gray early in the war in Kentucky. According to a dispatch of General T.C. Hindman of the Confederate Army a brief skirmish took place at…
Categories: Battles, Kentucky, Western Theater

1861-11-20 Hunter’s Mills

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Virginia Start: 1861-11-20 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction Much of the history of Hunter Mill Corridor's past is tied to the Civil War because it served as a major roadway for both Union and Confederate armies. The road saw guerilla warfare, families fleeing for safety and the decimation of its farmland. It endured the "Gray…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-12-04 Bog Wallow Ambush

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Virginia Start: 1861-12-04 Results:   Photo Gallery Introduction The Bog Wallow Ambush was a small unit action during the American Civil War that took place between Confederate forces under Captain J. Fred. Waring and Union forces under Colonel George W. Taylor on December 4, 1861, in Fairfax County, Virginia, as part of Maj. Gen.…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-12-09 Chusto-Talasah

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Oklahoma Territory Start: 1861-12-09 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Chusto-Talasah (also known as Bird Creek, Caving Banks, and High Shoal) was fought December 9, 1861, in what is now Tulsa County, Oklahoma (then Indian Territory) during the American Civil War. It was the second of three battles in the Trail of Blood…
Categories: Battles, Oklahoma Territory, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-12-13 Camp Allegheny

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West Virginia Start: 1861-12-13 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Camp Allegheny, also known as the Battle of Allegheny Mountain, took place on December 13, 1861, in Pocahontas County, Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Operations in Western Virginia Campaign during the American Civil War. Background In December, Confederate forces…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1861-12-17 Rowlett’s Station

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Kentucky Start: 1861-12-17 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Rowlett's Station (also known as Battle of Woodsonville or Green River) was a land battle in the American Civil War, fought at the railroad whistle-stop of Rowlett's in Hart County, Kentucky, on December 17, 1861. The outcome was inconclusive, although the Union Army…
Categories: Battles, Kentucky, Western Theater

1861-12-19 Skirmish at Blackwater Creek

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Missouri Start: 1861-12-19 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Skirmish at Blackwater Creek (actually a river) or Skirmish at Milford was an American Civil War skirmish that took place in central Missouri on December 19, 1861 near present day Valley City. It was a victory for the North. Background Following the Siege of Lexington, Missouri…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-12-20 Dranesville

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Virginia Start: 1861-12-20 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Dranesville was a small battle during the American Civil War that took place between Confederate forces under Brigadier General J. E. B. Stuart and Union forces under Brigadier General Edward O. C. Ord on December 20, 1861, in Fairfax County, Virginia, as part of…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1861-12-26 Chustenahlah

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Oklahoma Territory Start: 1861-12-26 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Chustenahlah was fought in Osage County, Oklahoma, (then Indian Territory) on December 26, 1861, during the American Civil War. A band of 9,000 pro-Union Native Americans was forced to flee to Kansas in bitter cold and snow in what became known as the…
Categories: Battles, Oklahoma Territory, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-12-28 Mount Zion Church

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Missouri Start: 1861-12-28 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Mount Zion Church was fought on December 28, 1861, in Boone County, near Mount Zion Church, during the American Civil War. The resulting Union victory here and elsewhere in central Missouri ended Confederate recruiting activities in the region and pushed conventional Confederate forces out…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1861-12-28 Sacramento

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Kentucky Start: 1861-12-28 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Sacramento was an engagement of the American Civil War that took place in Sacramento, Kentucky on December 28, 1861. Confederate cavalry under Colonel Nathan Bedford Forrest, numbering between 200 and 300, attacked, encircled and defeated a Union force of 500 under Major Eli H.…
Categories: Battles, Kentucky, Western Theater

1862-01-01 Crook’s 1862 Expedition

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West Virginia Start: 1862-01-01 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction Crook's 1862 Expedition was an engagement of the American Civil War in western Virginia (the present state of West Virginia). Major General George Crook's forces advanced northward to Braxton County's community of Sutton, which had been burned on December 29, 1861. Order of Battle Casualties Total…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, West Virginia

1862-01-03 Cockpit Point

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Virginia Start: 1862-01-03 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Cockpit Point, the Battle of Freestone Point, or the Battle of Shipping Point, took place on January 3, 1862, in Prince William County, Virginia, as part of the blockade of the Potomac River during the American Civil War. Background After victory at First…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia

1862-01-05 Hancock

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Maryland Start: 1862-01-05              End: 1862-01-06 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Hancock, also called the Romney Campaign, was a battle fought during the Romney Expedition, occurred January 5–6, 1862, in Washington County, Maryland, and Morgan County, West Virginia, as part of Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's operations against the Baltimore and…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Maryland

1862-01-08 Roan’s Tan Yard

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Missouri Start: 1862-01-08 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Roan's Tan Yard (also known as Silver Creek) was an action during the American Civil War, occurring on January 8, 1862, in Randolph County, Missouri Order of Battle Battle Rumors and sightings of a Confederate force in the Howard County area had circulated for…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1862-01-10 Middle Creek

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Kentucky Start: 1862-01-10 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Middle Creek was an engagement fought January 10, 1862, in Eastern Kentucky during the American Civil War. The battle, along with the Battle of Mill Springs, positioned the Union armies to invade Middle Tennessee. Background More than a month after Confederate Colonel John S.…
Categories: Battles, Kentucky, Western Theater

1862-01-11 Lucas Bend

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Kentucky Start: 1862-01-11 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Lucas Bend took place on January 11, 1862 near Lucas Bend, four miles north of Columbus on Mississippi River in Kentucky as it lay at the time of the American Civil War. In the network of the Mississippi, Tennessee and Ohio rivers, the Union…
Categories: Battles, Kentucky, Western Theater

1862-01-19 Mill Springs

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Kentucky Start: 1862-01-19 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Mill Springs, also known as the Battle of Fishing Creek in Confederate terminology, and the Battle of Logan's Cross Roads in Union terminology, was fought in Wayne and Pulaski counties, near current Nancy, Kentucky, on January 19, 1862, as part of the American Civil…
Categories: Battles, Kentucky, Western Theater

1862-02 New Mexico Campaign

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New Mexico Start: 1862-02 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The New Mexico Campaign was a military operation of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War from February to April 1862 in which Confederate Brigadier General Henry Hopkins Sibley invaded the northern New Mexico Territory in an attempt to gain control of the Southwest, including…
Categories: Battles, New Mexico Territory, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1862-02-06 Fort Henry

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Tennessee Start: 1862-02-06 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Fort Henry was fought on February 6, 1862, in western Middle Tennessee, during the American Civil War. It was the first important victory for the Union and Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in the Western Theater. On February 4 and 5, Grant landed two…
Categories: Battles, Tennessee, Western Theater

1862-02-07 Roanoke Island

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North Carolina Start: 1862-02-07 End: 1862-02-08 Results: Photo Gallery Introduction The opening phase of what came to be called the Burnside Expedition, the Battle of Roanoke Island was an amphibious operation of the American Civil War, fought on February 7–8, 1862, in the North Carolina Sounds a short distance south of the Virginia border.…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, North Carolina

1862-02-10 Elizabeth City

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North Carolina Start: 1862-02-10 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Elizabeth City of the American Civil War was fought in the immediate aftermath of the Battle of Roanoke Island. It took place on 10 February 1862, on the Pasquotank River near Elizabeth City, North Carolina. The participants were vessels of the U.S. Navy's…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, North Carolina

1862-02-11 Fort Donelson

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Tennessee Start: 1862-02-11              End: 1862-02-16 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Fort Donelson was fought from February 11 to 16, 1862, in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. The Union capture of the Confederate fort near the Tennessee–Kentucky border opened the Cumberland River, an important avenue for the invasion of the…
Categories: Battles, Tennessee, Western Theater

1862-02-17 Little Sugar Creek

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Arkansas Start: 1862-02-17 Results: Inconclusive Photo Gallery Introduction The Action at Sugar Creek, commonly known as the Battle of Dunagin’s Farm, was the first battle of the Civil War wholly fought in Arkansas and was part of the tug of war between the North and the South for control of Missouri. Background In late…
Categories: Arkansas, Battles, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1862-02-20 Valverde

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New Mexico Start: 1862-02-20              End: 1862-02-21 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Valverde, or the Battle of Valverde Ford from February 20 to February 21, 1862, was fought near the town of Valverde at a ford of Valverde Creek in Confederate Arizona, in what is today the state of New Mexico. It was…
Categories: Battles, New Mexico Territory, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1862-02-28 Battle of Island Number Ten

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Missouri Start: 1862-02-28              End: 1862-04-08 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Island Number Ten was an engagement at the New Madrid or Kentucky Bend on the Mississippi River during the American Civil War, lasting from February 28 to April 8, 1862. The position, an island at the base of a tight double turn…
Categories: Battles, Missouri, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1862-03-06 Pea Ridge

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Arkansas Start: 1862-03-06              End: 1862-03-08 Results:  Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Pea Ridge (also known as the Battle of Elkhorn Tavern) was a land battle of the American Civil War. It was fought March 6–8, 1862, at Pea Ridge in northwest Arkansas, near Leetown. United States forces, led by Brig. Gen. Samuel Curtis,…
Categories: Arkansas, Battles, Trans-Mississippi Theater

1862-03-08 Hampton Roads

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Virginia Start: 1862-03-08              End: 1862-03-09 Results: Inconclusive; both sides claimed victory; Strategic Union victory Photo Gallery Introduction The Battle of Hampton Roads, often referred to as either the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack (or Virginia) or the Battle of Ironclads, was the most noted and arguably most important naval battle of the American…
Categories: Battles, Eastern Theater, Virginia
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