2nd USCT Infantry Regiment 1st USCT Infantry Regiment 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment 1861 Skirmishes 1862 Skirmishes 1863 Skirmishes 1864 Skirmishes 1865 Skirmishes Alternate Battle Names 3rd Regiment Alabama Infantry 1861-04-12 Battle of Fort Sumter 1861-04-15 Evacuation of Fort Sumter 1861-04-19 Riots in Baltimore 1861-05-07 Gloucester Point 1861-05-10 Camp Jackson 1861-05-10 Riots in St. Louis 1861-05-18 Sewell’s Point 1861-05-29 Aquia Creek 1861-06-01 Fairfax Court House I 1861-06-01 Arlington Mills 1861-06-03 Philippi 1861-06-05 Pig Point 1861-06-10 Big Bethel 1861-06-15 Hooe’s Ferry 1861-06-17 Vienna 1861-06-17 Boonville 1861-06-19 Cole Camp 1861-06-27 Mathias Point 1861-07-02 Hoke’s Run 1861-07-05 Carthage 1861-07-05 Neosho 1861-07-08 Laurel Hill 1861-07-11 Rich Mountain 1861-07-12 Barboursville 1861-07-13 Corrick’s Ford 1861-07-17 Scary Creek 1861-07-17 Bunker Hill 1861-07-18 Blackburn’s Ford 1861-07-21 Manassas I 1861-07-22 Forsyth 1861-07-25 Mesilla I 1861-07-27 Fort Fillmore 1861-07-28 Sinking of the Petrel 1861-08 Siege of Tubac 1861-08 Cooke’s Canyon 1861-08 Battle of the Florida Mountains 1861-08-02 Dug Springs 1861-08-03 Curran Post Office 1861-08-05 Athens 1861-08-07 Hampton 1861-08-10 Wilson’s Creek 1861-08-10 Potosi 1861-08-19 Charleston 1861-08-25 Mason’s Hill 1861-08-26 Kessler’s Cross Lanes 1861-08-28 Hatteras Inlet Batteries 1861-08-31 Munson’s Hill 1861-09-02 Dry Wood Creek 1861-09-02 Gallinas Massacre 1861-09-08 Placito 1861-09-10 Carnifex Ferry 1861-09-11 Lewinsville 1861-09-12 Cheat Mountain 1861-09-12 Lexington I 1861-09-17 Liberty 1861-09-19 Barbourville 1861-09-21 Fredericktown I 1861-09-24 Canada Alamosa 1861-09-27 Pinos Altos 1861-10-03 Greenbrier River 1861-10-05 Cockle Creek 1861-10-09 Santa Rosa Island 1861-10-12 Battle of the Head of Passes 1861-10-21 Ball’s Bluff 1861-10-21 Camp Wildcat 1861-10-21 Fredericktown II 1861-10-23 Big Sandy Expedition 1861-10-25 Springfield I 1861-11-03 Port Royal 1861-11-07 Belmont 1861-11-08 Ivy Mountain 1861-11-19 Round Mountain 1861-11-20 Skirmish at Brownsville 1861-11-20 Hunter’s Mills 1861-12-04 Bog Wallow Ambush 1861-12-09 Chusto-Talasah 1861-12-13 Camp Allegheny 1861-12-17 Rowlett’s Station 1861-12-19 Skirmish at Blackwater Creek 1861-12-20 Dranesville 1861-12-26 Chustenahlah 1861-12-28 Mount Zion Church 1861-12-28 Sacramento 1862-01-01 Crook’s 1862 Expedition 1862-01-03 Cockpit Point 1862-01-05 Hancock 1862-01-08 Roan’s Tan Yard 1862-01-10 Middle Creek 1862-01-11 Lucas Bend 1862-01-19 Mill Springs

Dakota Territory

Regiment Histories

Department of the Northwest

The Department of the Northwest was an Army Department created September 6, 1862 by the Union Army to put down the Sioux uprising in Minnesota. It was composed of the forces within the territory of the states of Wisconsin (taken from the Dept. of the Ohio), Minnesota and Iowa (from the Department of the Mississippi), and the Nebraska and Dakota Territories (from the Department of Kansas). Nebraska Territory was detached to the Department of the Missouri on Oct. 11 1862.

From November 17, 1862 the Department was divided into four districts for a short time. The First District was composed of Iowa and Dakota Territory. The remainder were in Minnesota, the Second in the vicinity of Fort Snelling, the Third in the vicinity of Fort Ripley and the Fourth in the vicinity of Fort Abercrombie. These last three districts were merged into the District of Minnesota on November 23, 1862. First District remained until June 1, 1863 when Dakota Territory was merged into the District of Dakota and Iowa into the District of Iowa. Also a District of Wisconsin was formed.

Montana Territory, (largely part of Dakota Territory), was added to the department in May 26, 1864. The Department was attached to the Military Division of the Missouri on Jan. 30, 1865. On February 17, 1865, Montana and Dakota Territories west of 110 degrees west longitude were attached to the Department of the Missouri. The Department of the Northwest through the remainder of the Civil War consisted of the Districts of Wisconsin (Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Davies), Minnesota (Brig-Gen. Henry H. Sibley) and Iowa (Brig-Gen Alfred Sully). The Department of the Northwest was merged with the Department of the Missouri on June 27, 1865. Later most of its territory was organized as the Department of Dakota in 1866.

This Department’s forces fought the Dakota War of 1862 and in the Sibley and Sully Expeditions of 1863, Sully’s Northwest Indian Expeditions of 1864 and 1865 against the Sioux in Dakota Territory.


Department of the Northwest

Maj. Gen. John Pope Sept. 16, 1862 – Nov. 28, 1862
Brig. Gen. Washington L. Elliott Nov. 28, 1862 – Feb. 18, 1863
Maj. Gen. John Pope Feb. 13, 1863 – Feb. 18, 1865
Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis Feb. 13, 1865 – June 27, 1865 <[1]

1st District, Department of the Northwest (incl.Iowa and Territory of Dakota)

Brig-Gen John Cook Nov. 17, 1862 – June 1, 1863

District of Iowa (incl. Territory of Dakota)

Brig-Gen Alfred Sully June 1, 1863 – April, 1865

2nd District, Department of the Northwest (vicinity of Fort Snelling, Mn)

Col. Henry Hastings Sibley Nov. 17, 1862 – Nov. 23, 1862

3rd District, Department of the Northwest (vicinity of Fort Ripley, Mn)

Lt. Col. Minor T. Thomas Nov. 17, 1862 – Nov. 23, 1862

4th District, Department of the Northwest (vicinity of Fort Abercrombie, Mn)

Francis Peteler Nov. 17, 1862 – Nov. 23, 1862

District of Minnesota, (consolidated from 2nd, 3rd and 4th Districts)

Brig-Gen. Henry Hastings Sibley Nov. 23, 1862 – August 1866

District of Wisconsin

Brig. Gen. Thomas C. H. Smith ? – Dec. 1863
Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Davies ? – ?

Posts in the Department of the Northwest


Camp Barstow (1861–1862), Janesville.
Camp Bragg (1861–1862), Oshkosh.
Fort Howard (1861–1863), Green Bay.
Camp Hamilton (1861–1862), Fond du Lac. Renamed Camp Wood (1862).
Camp Harvey (1861–1862), Kenosha.
Camp Holton (1861–1865), Milwaukee. Renamed Camp Reno in 1864.
Camp Randall (1861–1865), Madison.
Camp Scott (1861), Milwaukee.
Camp Sigel (1861), Milwaukee.
Camp Washburn (1861–1865), Milwaukee.
Camp Utley (1861–1862), Racine.
Camp Trowbridge (1862), Milwaukee.


Camp Release (1863–1864), near Montevideo
Camp Yellow Medicine (1863), near Granite Falls
Fort Pipestone (1863), Pipestone
Fort Ridgely (1853–1867), near Fairfax
Fort Ripley (1848–1877), within Camp Ripley
Fort Sanborn (1862–1863), Georgetown
Fort Snelling (1861–1946), St. Paul


Camp Burnside (1862), Des Moines
Camp McClellan (1861–1865), Davenport. Located on the riverfront at McClellan Park.
Camp Kearny (1863–1865), Davenport It was a prison stockade for Sioux Indians captured after the Sioux Uprising in Minnesota. Located adjacent to Camp McClellan.
Fort Defiance (1862–1864), Estherville
Fort Williams (1862–1865), Fort Dodge

Nebraska Territory

Fort Kearny (1848–1871), near Kearney, Nebraska

Dakota Territory

Fort Abercrombie (1857–1878), Abercrombie, North Dakota
Fort Berthold (1862–1874), two sites now under Lake Sakakawea, within Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, North Dakota
Fort Buford (1865–1895), Buford, North Dakota
Fort Benton (1847–1881), Fort Benton, Montana
Post on Devils Lake (1863–1864), Fort Totten, North Dakota
Fort Hays (1864)
Fort Pierre (1859–1863), Fort Pierre, South Dakota
Fort Randall (1856–1892), (US Army Corps of Engineers – Fort Randall Project) near Pickstown, South Dakota
Fort Rice (1864–1879), at the Fort Rice State Historic Site approximately 30 miles south of Mandan, North Dakota
Fort Sisseton (1864–1889), near Lake City, South Dakota
Camp Sully (1863–1864), Heart River Corral State Historic Site near Richardton, North Dakota
Fort Sully (1863–1866), Farm Island State Recreation Area near Pierre, South Dakota
Fort Union (1864–65), Buford, North Dakota

Events, skirmishes, and battles


August 4, Dakota break into food warehouses at the Lower Sioux Agency.
August 17, a band of Dakota killed 5 white civilian settlers in Acton Township, Minnesota.
August 18, Battle of Lower Sioux Agency and Battle of Redwood Ferry.
August 19, 1st Battle of New Ulm
August 20 – August 22, Battle of Fort Ridgely
August 23, 2nd Battle of New Ulm
August 30 – September 23, Siege of Fort Abercrombie
September 2, Battle of Birch Coulee
September 6, Department of the Northwest formed, comprising Minnesota, Wisconsin,
Iowa, and the territories of Dakota and Nebraska with headquarters in St. Paul.

September 16, Major General John Pope arrives at St. Paul and takes command of the Department.
September 23, Battle of Wood Lake, Little Crow forced to flee to Canada.
September 26, Surrender at Camp Release
November, military trials of surrendered Dakota warriors
December, 303 Dakota prisoners were convicted of murder and rape by military tribunals and sentenced to death.
December 26, 38 convicted Dakota prisoners hanged in Mankato, Minnesota


June 16 – September 13, Sibley’s Expedition against Indians in Dakota Territory.
July 3, Little Crow was killed near Hutchinson, Minnesota.
July 24, Battle of Big Mound
July 25, Sully’s troops arrived at Fort Pierre missing the rendezvous with Sibley at Long Lake. Sully was forced to wait two more weeks for his steamboats, delayed by extreme low water in the Missouri River caused by a drought.
July 26, Battle of Dead Buffalo Lake
July 28, Battle of Stony Lake
July 31, With no sign of Sully at Long Lake and his horses worn down from the campaign, Sibley decides to abandon the operation and march back to Minnesota.
Mid-August, Sully, loaded the available supplies and 23 days of rations onto borrowed wagons and marched overland toward Devils Lake.
Late August, Sully’s command reached rendezvous site at Long Lake. Sully knowing he had missed Sibley, turned southeast to attack Dakota that had returned to the east side of the Missouri River to hunt buffalo following the departure of Sibley.
September 3–5, Battle of Whitestone Hill. Sioux driven west of the Missouri River.


June 5 – October 15, Sully’s Northwestern Expedition of 1864 against hostile Indians west of the Missouri River.
June 6–30, 2nd (Wisconsin) Brigade marches 332 miles from Fort Ridgley to join Sully Expedition at Swan Lake.
July 9–18, Sully Expedition crosses Missouri River at Fort Rice.
July 28, Battle of Killdeer Mountain
August 7–9, Battle of the Badlands
September 2–20, an Idaho bound wagon train led by Captain James L. Fisk holds off attacking Sioux at an improvised Fort Dilts, near Rhame, North Dakota.
September 20, Fort Dilts relieved by a detachment from Sully’s Expedition.


January 30, Department of the Northwest attached to the Military Division of the Missouri.
March 28, District of the Plains formed, to consisting of the Districts of Utah, Colorado, and Nebraska, with Brig. Gen. Patrick E. Connor, assigned to its command.
Spring, General Sully was ordered to provide one of 4 columns for Gen. Patrick E. Connor’s Powder River Expedition.
Late Spring, Santee Sioux raid into Minnesota led by Jack Campbell killed 5 members of the Jewett family near Mankato, the last civilians killed in the Indian Wars in Minnesota. Campbell, drunk, was soon caught and hung. Santee Scouts working for the Army killed the remainder of the band soon after. Sully’s force was diverted to attack hostiles, thought to be the source of the raid, near Devils Lake.
June 27, Department of the Northwest was merged with the Department of the Missouri.
July 5 – September 13, Sully’s Northwestern Expedition of 1865.
July 13–22, Sully arrives at Fort Rice, negotiates treaties with some the bands he fought with the previous year.
July 23 – Aug 1, Sully marches from Fort Rice to north of Devils Lake looking for hostile Sioux, believed to have raided Minnesota.
August 2–8, Finding no hostiles, Sully turns west to Mouse River and then Fort Berthold.
August 25, Sully returns to Fort Rice, which drives off a Sioux force that had been attacking the Fort.
September 13, Sully returns to Fort Sully ending the campaign.

Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Department_of_the_Northwest

Photo Gallery

2016 civilwartroops.org ©